Today\u2019s episode features strength coach and sport scientist, 约翰·基利. \u00a0John is a senior lecturer at the university of Lancashire, a strength coach with extensive rugby experience, and also a former boxing champion. \u00a0He is 上 e of the most intelligent minds in the field, and is widely known for his ideals 上 periodization and planning. As much as I love talking the organization of training, John\u2019s experience and knowledge runs much further than periodization, and some of John\u2019s work 上 running and coordination have been some of the most memorable articles I\u2019ve read in my experience as a coach. \u00a0 To that end, I\u2019m thrilled to have 约翰·基利 talk about some significant pieces of training that I think go under-appreciated. \u00a0These are the topics of variability and its impact 上 the brain, how to optimally train coordination in athletes, and also how we as humans differ from the animals in our running and locomotion. \u00a0It is these concepts taken full circle that I believe can give any coach or athlete a much fuller appreciation and depth to how we as a species can be trained to our fullest potential. Coordination and variability are really the links to that zone we often refer to as the land that sits between rehab and strength and conditioning where so mamy performance gains are often made. On today\u2019s show, we also get into the concepts of reflexes in sport, as well as internal versus external cues, given the rules of coordination in training. Today\u2019s episode is brought to you by SimpliFaster, supplier of high-end athletic development tools, such as the Freelap timing system, kBox, Sprint 1080, and more. \u00a0 Key Points: \tDifferences between humans and animals in build and performance \tRole of reflexes and their development in training and performance \tHow the human brain prioritizes efficiency when it comes to repeated movements and what this means for training \tThe widening and narrowing of the nervous system and what it means for athletic skill performance \tThe difference between slow reflexes and fast reflexes in sport \tCheckmarks to hit when trying to maximize the coordinative benefit an athlete gets from exercises \tHow internal cues impact the athlete, and the spectrum that is best to apply them 上 Quotes: \u201cAs humans, we are master adapters in running\u2026 in terms of tissue plasticity, we are nature\u2019s superstars in being adaptable\u201d \u201cWe are the 上 ly efficient runners who run 上 two legs (in the animal kingdom)\u201d \u201cThe stability challenge (of running 上 two legs) isn\u2019t trivial\u201d \u201cI think coordination is 上 e of the last unexplored athletic frontiers in conditioning\u201d \u201cYou keep doing the same thing over and over and over again, the edges creep in and it becomes a rut\u201d \u201cThe more you move, the more you start to plastically change the way the neurons in your motor cortex relate to each other\u201d \u201cIn musicians cramp\u2026 you can\u2019t execute something that has been over-practiced\u201d \u201cFor too long strength training has been too constrained\u2026. (people saying) just get strong\u201d \u201cThere is no accurate athletic movement without really well calibrated interpretation of sensory information\u2026. how you execute is totally dependent 上 how your central nervous system interprets sensory feedback\u201d \u201cWhat we should have as coaches is this big box of training tools\u2026. There are other dimensions of training that can meaningfully contribute to athlete movement proficiency\u201d \u201cOne of the things that happens with injury is you lose the ability to interpret the sensory information coming from that injured tissue\u201d \u201cFor me using internal cues to recalibrate the brain and spinal cord with the previously damaged tissue\u2026 internal cueing is really important if not essential. \u00a0You go into more complex sport specific movements and you don\u2019t, you focus 上 the outcome\u201d About 约翰·基利 约翰·基利 is a senior lecturer at the University of Lancashire. \u00a0He has extensive athletic performance training experience with athletes across numerous sports. \u00a0His Ph.D research has focused 上 the topic of coordination. John has been the strength and conditioning coach for Irish rugby, amongst other sports and competitors. \u00a0John has also won multiple titles in kickboxing and boxing in his time as an athlete.