Today\u2019s guest is nutritionist 里克·布鲁纳.\u00a0 Rick is the author of \u201cExplosive Ergogenics for Athletes\u201d, an Alpha GPC based power enhancer for athletes. I first saw Rick speak at the CVASP Seminar back in 2014, where he unloaded a barrage of great information 上 a variety of nutrition topics.\u00a0 Shortly after the presentation, I started using Alpha GPC as Rick had recommended and saw some great results in my training, as well as even having enhanced mental cognition while under its effects. Rick is a nutritionist who came up through the dawn of the sport supplement era and has a wealth of knowledge, not 上 ly of human physiology, performance, and related supplementation, but also of how modern marketing trends and consumerism has affected the nature of how modern supplements affect the athlete (which is not always for the better).\u00a0\u00a0 Rick spent extensive time learning from Soviet scientists in his quest for optimal supplementation back in the late 1980\u2019s and early 1990\u2019s, and was active in creatine\u2019s early appearance 上 the US shelves. In the past 31 years, 里克·布鲁纳 has helped over 1,500 explosive athletes and their strength and conditioning coaches in football, baseball, hockey, basketball, track and field sprints, throws, and jumps, Olympic weightlifting, and many others achieve breakaway gains in reaction, starting power, maximal speed, striking force, and power-endurance. Today\u2019s episode is brought to you by SimpliFaster, supplier of high-end athletic development tools, such as the Freelap timing system, kBox, Sprint 1080, and more. View more podcast episodes at the podcast homepage. Key Points: \tRick\u2019s background in the field, his time in Russia and his experiences in the early field of sports supplementation \tCreatine\u2019s early transition into mainstream use, mechanisms of how it works, selecting good quality creatine, and loading and deloading guidelines \tThe place of pre-workouts in a performance training regimen \tThe effectiveness of Alpha-GPC as a pre-workout and the principles behind it \tStress response and nutrient timing ideals for maximal growth post-workout \tThe balance between mTOR and AMPK \u201cYou never want to get the body too comfortable with anything (any supplement)\u2026 you don\u2019t want to give the body \u201cgoodies\u201d all the time, you want to make it work\u201d \u201cThere\u2019s nothing wrong with cell volumizing, it can be very anabolic\u201d \u201cYou have to have (a workout) create a stress of some kind.\u00a0 The body responds to stress, all of life is about stress and adapting to that stress\u201d \u201cYou don\u2019t want to add in a bunch of supplements in the training regimen that are going to make the training easier\u201d \u201cI don\u2019t take anything during a workout\u2026. I don\u2019t want to interfere with the training response\u201d \u201cAlpha GPC increases the Acetylcholine level in the synapse, keeping it in there longer so that more muscles can fire\u201d \u201cPeople will feel (pre-workouts) but that doesn\u2019t make it right\u201d \u201cEverything you do with your supplements should have a long term benefit\u201d \u201cI believe the workout should be such a targeted stress that your gains come in restoration\u201d \u201cEnzymes drive everything\u201d \u201cIf there\u2019s less energy, the body will make AMPK, if there is more energy, the body will make mTOR\u201d About 里克·布鲁纳 For the past 31 years, 里克·布鲁纳 has helped over 1,500 explosive athletes and their strength and conditioning coaches in football, baseball, hockey, basketball, track and field sprints, throws, and jumps, Olympic weightlifting, and many others achieve breakaway gains in reaction, starting power, maximal speed, striking force, and power-endurance. As a nutrition scientist and coach, Rick pulls the facts from thousands of research studies to make practical sense of their application in real-world training\/nutrition plans. Rick calls upon his extensive training and collaboration with Soviet and Russian scientists since the 80\u2019s to help deliver modern useful information that athletes in explosive sports can use right away.